Afghanistan Sinks Deeper Into Desperation

KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — The bitter cold of Afghanistan’s winter has small children huddled beneath blankets in makeshift camps. Sick babies in hospitals lie wrapped in their mothers’ all-enveloping burqas. Long lines at food distribution centers have become overwhelming as Afghanistan sinks deeper into desperate times.Women queue to receive cash at a money distribution organised…

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KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — The bitter cold of Afghanistan’s winter has small children huddled beneath blankets in makeshift camps. Sick babies in hospitals lie wrapped in their mothers’ all-enveloping burqas. Long lines at food distribution centers have become overwhelming as Afghanistan sinks deeper into desperate times.

Women queue to receive cash at a money distribution organised by the World Food Program in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Saturday, Nov. 2src, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
Women queue to receive cash at a money distribution organised by the World Food Program in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Saturday, Nov. 20, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

Since the chaotic Aug. 15 Taliban takeover of Kabul, an already war-devastated economy once kept alive by international donations alone is now on the verge of collapse. There isn’t enough money for hospitals.

Saliha, who like many Afghans uses just one name, took her infant son to the Indira Gandhi Children’s Hospital in the capital, Kabul. Weak and fragile, 4-month-old Najeeb was badly malnourished.

Saliha holds her four-month old baby Najeeb as he undergoes treatment at the malnutrition ward of the Indira Gandhi Children's Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan, Wednesday, Dec. 8, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
Saliha holds her four-month old baby Najeeb as he undergoes treatment at the malnutrition ward of the Indira Gandhi Children’s Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan, Wednesday, Dec. 8, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

The World Health Organization is warning of millions of children suffering malnutrition, and the United Nations says 97% of Afghans will soon be living below the poverty line.

For millions living in camps for the displaced or sitting outside government ministries seeking help, the only source of warmth is to huddle around open wood-burning fires.

Brothers fill canisters with water from a pool of stagnant water about 3 kilometers (2 miles) far from their home in Kamar Kalagh village outside Herat, Afghanistan, Friday, Nov. 26, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
Brothers fill canisters with water from a pool of stagnant water about 3 kilometers (2 miles) far from their home in Kamar Kalagh village outside Herat, Afghanistan, Friday, Nov. 26, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

Nearly 80% of Afghanistan’s previous government’s budget came from the international community. That money, now cut off, financed hospitals, schools, factories and government ministries. In the Taliban’s Afghanistan there is no money. Sanctions have crippled banks while the U.N., the United States and others struggle to figure out how to get hundreds of millions of dollars of humanitarian aid to Afghans while bypassing the Taliban, even as there are no immediate signs of the widespread corruption that characterized the previous administration.

A young girl stand outside her home as two dogs lay on the ground in Kamar Kalagh village near Herat, Afghanistan, Saturday , Nov. 27, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
A young girl stand outside her home as two dogs lay on the ground in Kamar Kalagh village near Herat, Afghanistan, Saturday , Nov. 27, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

For many of Afghanistan’s poorest, bread is their only staple. Women line up outside bakeries in the city, young children arrive before dawn to get bread. The majority scramble to find food, and fuel. The statistics provided by the U.N. are grim: Almost 24 million people in Afghanistan, around 60% percent of the population, suffer from acute hunger. As many as 8.7 million Afghans are coping with famine.

A man disributes bread to Afghan women outside a bakery in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Thursday, Dec, 2, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
A man disributes bread to Afghan women outside a bakery in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Thursday, Dec, 2, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

School for girls under the Taliban is erratic, and in many provinces they are not allowed to attend school after grade 6, but in more than 10 provinces schools are open. The international community is working on ways to help the schools that are open while encouraging the Taliban to open the rest.

In some areas, such as the western Herat province, teachers and parents together cajole local Taliban leaders to open schools. In schools like Tajrobawai Girls High School in Herat, it is paying off.

Afghan girls participate a lesson at Tajrobawai Girls High School, in Herat, Afghanistan, Thursday, Nov. 25, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
Afghan girls participate a lesson at Tajrobawai Girls High School, in Herat, Afghanistan, Thursday, Nov. 25, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

Months ago, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees warned of a mass exodus of Afghans should Afghanistan be allowed to free fall into an economic abyss.

65-year-old Mohammad Ayoub, the only male left after all the younger men tried their luck leaving to Iran, stands in front Jar-e Sawz the village that he lives outskirts of Herat, Afghanistan, on Saturday, Nov. 27, 2src21. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
65-year-old Mohammad Ayoub, the only male left after all the younger men tried their luck leaving to Iran, stands in front Jar-e Sawz the village that he lives outskirts of Herat, Afghanistan, on Saturday, Nov. 27, 2021. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)

Petros Giannakouris via AP

The exodus has already begun as thousands stream out of Afghanistan for Iran in desperation. By the hundreds they pack buses that take them from Herat to nearby Nimroz province from where they make the dangerous trek into Iran. Some hope to go further, to Turkey and eventually to Europe — despite Europe’s increasing determination to keep migrants out.

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